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Vein Conditions


Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

Varicose veins around the ovaries and in the pelvic cavity often are related to pelvic pain. These varicose veins are due to the result of valves that do not work correctly. The blood then increases in pressure and causes the veins to bulge much like in the legs. These veins cause pelvic insufficiency often referred to as pelvic congestion syndrome.

Some studies show that 30% of patients with chronic pelvic pain have pelvic venous insufficiency. Risk factors for developing pelvic insufficiency include multiple pregnancies, polycystic ovarian disease, fullness of the leg veins, and hormonal dysfunction.

Women with PVI usually complain of a dull aching and heaviness in the pelvis that increases when standing, during pregnancy, and during menstruation. Sometimes this pain may be experienced in the lower back. There may be visible varicose veins in the groin area, buttocks, or upper thigh and pressure behind the knee during menstruation.



Phlebitis is a common term for inflammation of a vein or varicose veins. Often times the inflammation of the vein is due to the formation of a clot or thrombus. When there is a clot the condition is known as thrombophlebitis or venous thrombus. When the thrombus is in the superficial veins it is generally called superficial thrombophlebitis. While superficial thrombophlebitis can be very painful it is generally not life threatening. Thrombophlebitis in the deep veins is a serious condition and is usually called deep vein thrombus or DVT.

Superficial phlebitis is more likely to develop in people with varicose veins or those who have had trauma to the vessel wall such as with an IV stick or blood draw. There may be obvious inflammation with a red streak along the path of the vein. There may also be localized tenderness and heat associated with the inflammation and thrombus in the varicosities.


Vulvar Varicosities

Vulvar varicosities, or varicose veins in the vulva, are poorly understood. They tend to occur most often during pregnancy when the risk of varicose veins is greater due to the increase in blood volume and decrease in how quickly your blood flows from your lower body. This puts pressure on your veins. Vulvar varicosities can occur alone or along with varicose veins of the legs. 

If you have vulvar varicosities, the only way you'll know is because your health care provider tells you.  The symptoms include a feeling of fullness or pressure in the vulva area, vulvar swelling and discomfort. Long periods of standing, exercise and sex can aggravate the condition.


Venous Stasis

Venous stasis is the chronic disease in which the valves of the legs are damaged, letting blood flow backwards toward the feet. The increased blood in the venous system increases the pressure in the veins and causes the other veins to dilate. The blood can stagnate in the veins of the lower legs and causing chronic inflammation in the veins, skin and can lead to ulcers.

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