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3D mammogram technology better for women with dense breasts

Screening mammography has been utilized in the United States for more than 40 years. But one of the major limitations of these screenings is that they don’t effectively detect breast cancer in women with dense breast tissue. 

3D mammogram technology, called tomosynthesis, will likely replace standard mammography.

The difference between standard mammography and tomosynthesis

In a standard mammography, there are two pictures taken of each breast.  When that first picture is taken, the breast is compressed between a plastic plate, and all of the tissue is squished together to form one image.

Unfortunately, this technique causes tissue to overlap on itself when radiologists look at the final picture.

“That overlap, especially in dense breast tissue, can make it more difficult to interpret the mammogram,” says Piedmont Breast Center radiologist Kristi Winford, M.D.  “A cancer may be obscured by surrounding dense breast tissue, making it difficult to detect.  Alternatively, a woman may be recalled for a finding that represents normal, overlapping tissue.  This is known as a false-positive."  

Many women get recalled after a screening mammogram because radiologists see images that look like breast cancer, but when you do the initial workup, there’s no cancer.

Tomosynthesis combats this problem by taking 15 mini-exposures instead of one.

Dr. Winford says, “From those 15 mini-exposures, we are able to generate a series of one-millimeter-thick slices through the breast tissue.  This allows the radiologist to see through the overlapping breast tissue, reducing false-positives.  True cancers are also more easily detected, as they are no longer being obscured by the surrounding breast tissue."   

Though tomosynthesis exposes women to slightly more radiation than standard mammography, it is a promising solution for women with dense breast tissue. 

"Our goal is to reduce the number of women called back for findings that are not breast cancer, or reduce false-positives, as well as increase our sensitivity for detecting true breast cancers.  Tomosynthesis has been shown to do both, particularly in women with dense breast tissue," says Dr. Winford.

For more information about breast cancer treatment options, visit the Piedmont Cancer Center.

Need to make an appointment with a Piedmont physician? Save time, book online.



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