Piedmont Cancer

Gynecologic Cancer

Piedmont Cancer Provides Personalized Care for GYN Cancer

At Piedmont Cancer, the first step in treating gynecologic cancer is to establish an accurate diagnosis.

Symptoms of GYN Cancers

With uterine cancer, also known as endometrial cancer, abnormal vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom, although pelvic pain and pain during intercourse may also occur.

Cervical cancer indicates similar symptoms of abnormal vaginal bleeding such as bleeding between menstrual period-related bleeding or after menopause. Also, pain may occur during sexual intercourse. These symptoms are usually not present early during cancer formation, but become present as a gynecologic tumor becomes larger.

In the early stage of ovarian cancer, most women experience few if any symptoms. Once present, symptoms can include a sense of abdominal bloating, abdominal swelling with weight loss, pelvic region pain or urinary changes such as constantly having the urge to urinate. Rather than a noncancerous condition such as a urinary tract infection, in women with cancer, urinary symptoms are more likely to persist for a long time and may be more severe.

Diagnosis of Gynecologic Cancers 

Through a series of imaging tests, gynecologic cancer experts at Piedmont Cancer are able to diagnose a range of gynecologic cancers, using:


This test uses sound waves to image the uterus and ovaries. Ultrasound is often used before other imaging studies to assess the need for additional imaging studies (see below) or for biopsy.


Using X-rays to produce pictures of the internal organs, computed tomography or CT, can detect a tumor and then determine its size and whether it has spread.


Using magnetic fields, a magnetic resonance image (MRI) is also able to detect a tumor and determine size and significance. 

When a gynecologic tumor is suspected, the next step is to perform a biopsy, or obtain a piece of the tumor for analysis by a pathologist. Biopsies of a suspected tumor of the ovaries, uterus and cervix are obtained in several different ways. In the case of pelvic masses and suspected ovarian cancer, biopsies are not recommended, and our gynecologic oncologist is expert in recommending the best approach.

The analysis of the biopsy tissue by the pathologist shows whether cancer is present or not, and if present, an estimate of how aggressive the tumor might be. This information is critical prior to discussions of treatment.

Gynecologic Cancer Clinical Trials 

The newest treatment options are available to our patients through access to clinical trials. Review of gynecologic cancer specific clinical trials and proven new therapies are discussed with patients during clinic visits with Piedmont’s cancer specialists.

Contact a Piedmont Gynecologist

To make an appointment with a GYN cancer specialist near you or for questions about treatment options, call 404-425-1800 or use our convenient Find a Doctor search.